Very few narrow neck bottles made on the Owens machines will pre-date that time also. With the increasing dominance of the automatic bottle machine in the 1910s and on, bottle shapes, sizes, and colors became more and more standardized and uniform, i. Copyright © 2019 Bill Lindsey. There are many variations on the theme of the laid-on ring or string finish. Today some are selling for hundreds of dollars.
Stain from contents, or from being buried for a long time, will reduce the value of a bottle anywhere from 10% to 50%. As the bottles from this mold usually appear to have the earliest diagnostic features true this mold is probably the oldest of the several mold variants likely true. Click to see this machine. Some use elaborate mast hinges while others contend with a maze of rigging lines which all run through and under the hull. By the mid-1920s, the high costs of these small orders, the disappearance of the small hand-blowing shops, and the undeniable economics of generic machine-made wares spelled the end of proprietary druggist bottles.
To picture the difference in these finish classes another way, the blowpipe detachment point on an applied finish was at or just above the point where the finish and neck meet in the finished bottle; the blowpipe detachment point on tooled finishes was or became the top surface of the finish. It is only loosely finish based since there are many other physical differences between mouth-blown and machine-made bottles. Some finishing methods could only produce one or two types of finishes. If a two-part finish, the lip is also frequently referred to simply as the upper part and the collar as the lower part. This process entailed the blowing of a relatively large bubble in the glass just above the mold top i. Both seams are quite diagnostic of machine manufacture and are usually visible, though the seam at the top of the finish can be hard to see on some bottles - especially if the finish was.
Aqua medicines that are pontiled, unless they are very common, will bring at least twenty dollars and often much more. The same is true if the embossing is on the base of the bottle or very small and less obvious. When viewing the upper neck and finish from the side, there is often a visible change in the thickness of the glass on each side of the bottle neck in the vicinity of where the side mold seam disappears and the tooling marks begin. In general, the appearance of an applied finish is less vertically and sometimes horizontally symmetrical than a tooled finish. Other types of base perimeter stippling resembles small crescents - - which is very common on modern beer bottles. This is evidenced under close inspection by both having identical embossing details from the mold embossing engraving and identical mold surface irregularities iron casting roughness.
Empirical observations indicate that the product was indeed quite successful as these bottles are very common today the machine-made Groves was found by the author at a local garage sale! Although products of this machine are not conclusively known a bottle such as the one at this link - - may well be a product of the described machine as there is a distinct and abrupt interface edge at the shoulder where the mold seams for both the body and neck end and are offset. Lockhart 2003, 2006 Given this information, it appears that the majority of machine-made and some mouth-blown items like pictured above beverage, food, and medicinal bottles with embossed or labeled specific capacity or volume information likely date from 1913 or later. Cold End Processes At this stage in glass production, the bottles or glass containers are inspected and packaged. As noted above, when a bottle was burst-off from the blowpipe an obvious hazard for the mold operator! If you have not read the introductory portions of the Dating page, please click on which covers the limitations of the morphology based dating of historic bottles as well as other pertinent dating information. In this example, much of the additional information teased out of the references and the bottles themselves did little to refine the basic diagnostic dating from the initial estimates. When trying to determine the worth of a bottle ask yourself these questions: l How old is the bottle? The automatic models, featuring a compact design, ensure top reliability and functionality with reduced maintenance.
However, a few machine-made bottles from both the Magnolia Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Glass production is broken down into two general categories: container production and sheet production. There were some wide mouth, semi-automatic machine produced bottles albeit a very low percentage which had machine-made characteristics minus a suction scar than can date back as early as the mid-1890s. A decade later, the majority of glass bottles were made by machine. These estimates are based on the content managers extensive empirical observations over time, in conjunction with an wide array of published references which provide relatively precise company dating for various types and styles of historic bottles. The best reference for price and information is Red Book No.
Bottles with damage or missing stoppers likewise sell for much less than perfect specimens. The Owens machine revolutionized the bottle industry, and made bottles very common objects. It's the nature of all research. Note: Many individual states enacted their own temperance laws years before National Prohibition went into effect in January of 1920. A furnace worker would keep the furnace hot, a mold boy would remove the bottle from the mold and a snapper would break the fused glass bottle from the blow pipe and bring it to the annealing or cooling area.
Plus, a secret that only Dr. The machine-made bottle was produced in an individual proprietary mold on an automatic bottle machine - specifically the Owen Automatic Bottle Machine. You can tell us your ideas or give us handpainted design or pictures, then our professional team will design for you. The hours were long and it. W e have our own design team and factory to do deep processing, C an according to your design customized to production.
This is a hint - but not proof by any means - that the product at that time did not necessarily generate enough sales to warrant an individual proprietary mold. Sale: All stuff in Maxlong sales team with more than 10 year experience in glassware exporting business. Cures with original labels will bring a premium price compared with an unlabeled specimen. These are faint, somewhat wandering, hairline seams which if present usually are sporadically visible on the sides of machine-made bottles. The Poison Bottle Workbook, by Rudy Kuhn and Poison Bottles, by Roger Durflinger are good sources. This is one of the many innovations that gradually moved the process of bottle making inexorably towards full mechanization.
As a general statement about the transition from applied to tooled finishes, it is clear that the smaller the bottle the earlier that tooled finishes were first used. Horizontal concentric rings caused by the rotation of these tools are often faintly visible on the outside surface of applied finishes. The total transition time from applied to tooled finishes is largely from the mid-1870s to the mid-1890s in the U. Frequently these bottles are not salable outside their home state. The price guide is included in the basic account, and you'll get actualized pricing for bottles from medicines to colognes to whiskey bottles and more. These type bottles are occasionally encountered on American historic archaeological sites, though most of the crudely made, burst-off bottles seen today were relatively recently imported from England for the American collector market.